Difference between individualizing and personalizing?


Question by: Dr. Noemi Caputo | Last updated: March 29, 2022

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In other words, individualization has the purpose of ensuring that certain goals are reached by everyone, customization is aimed at ensuring that everyone develops their own personal talents; in the first the objectives are common for all, in the second the objective is different for each one.

What is meant by personalized teaching?

Personalized teaching allows each student to find different learning methodologies and strategies starting from the awareness of their own cognitive style and talent, in order to develop their potential in the best possible way.

What are the individualized teaching strategies?

“Individualized teaching consists of individual recovery activities that the pupil can carry out to enhance certain skills or to acquire specific skills, also in the context of compensatory strategies and study method” (2011 Guidelines for students with SLD).

What are the teaching strategies?

Didactic strategies: imitative, research, creative and active. – Horizon School News.

What is individualization?

– The act, the fact of individualizing, of individualizing oneself, that is, of conferring or assuming one’s own characteristics, or of making something individual, of adapting it to the single individual.

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What is competence teaching?

The teaching of skills is the main way to organize training that not only provides knowledge and skills, but is able to affect culture, attitudes and behaviors and thus become a person’s permanent heritage.

What does differentiated teaching include?

The differentiated teaching methodology requires students to carry out different activities in the classroom at the same time, working independently or divided into small groups.

What is the difference between strategy and methodology?

methodologies = all the procedures for dealing with the teaching units. strategies = how the teacher behaves towards his students and how he takes on the role of facilitator of learning processes; tools = resources also defined.

What are the metacognitive strategies?

Metacognitive skills and strategies are the abilities that allow us to know the functioning of the mind (one’s own and others) and to decentralize thinking towards the future (predict / predict and plan actions) and towards the past (monitor and self-evaluate ), to learn to move away from the urgency of …

What are heuristic strategies?

There are two strategies: exhibition strategy centered on the content aspects of teaching and heuristic strategy centered on the pupil’s ways of learning. … Heuristic strategies are teaching based on skills, metacognitive teaching, cooperative teaching, laboratory teaching, etc.

What are the compensatory and dispensative tools?

Compensatory and dispensative instruments are defined by law 170/2010 and are the means that “replace or facilitate the performance required in the deficient ability”, be it writing, reading or calculating and allow the child or young person to study and learn effectively.

What is the difference between Pei and PDP?

As is known, this document is called PEI (Individualized Educational Plan) for pupils with disabilities, PDP (Personalized Didactic Plan) for those with Specific Learning Disorders and other BES.

What is the difference between individualized teaching and personalized teaching?

Individualization aims to ensure that certain goals are achieved by everyone, customization is aimed at ensuring that everyone develops their own personal talents. In the first the objectives are common, in the second each objective is different for each one.

What does it mean to personalize the student’s educational path?

On the other hand, “personalization” indicates the didactic strategies aimed at guaranteeing each student their own form of cognitive excellence, through elective possibilities to cultivate their own intellectual potential.

What does law 170 of 2010 say?

Specific Learning Disorders. The Law 8 October 2010, n. 170 recognizes dyslexia, dysgraphia, dysorthography and dyscalculia as specific learning disorders, called “SLD”.

What is metacognitive knowledge?

Today the term metacognition indicates the knowledge that the individual develops with respect to his own cognitive processes and their functioning, as well as his executive activities that preside over the monitoring and self-regulation of cognitive processes.

What is meant by metacognitive review?

Metacognitive teaching requires the student to acquire an active and responsible attitude towards learning; the “metacognitive” student aims to create his own intellectual baggage through questions, investigations and problems to be solved.

What are the main objectives of metacognitive teaching?

The goal of metacognitive teaching is to offer pupils the opportunity to learn to interpret, organize and structure the information received from the environment and to reflect on these processes in order to become more and more autonomous in dealing with new situations.

What is meant by teaching method?

The term “teaching method” refers to the concepts and principles that are the basis of a training action and that plan the variables of the learning process in an articulated way.

What does teaching methodologies mean?

The teaching methodologies include those actions carried out in order to help pupils understand and achieve a school path with the aim of achieving the objectives set from the beginning.

How many teaching methods are there?

Active teaching and methodologies: cooperative learning, peer education, flipped classroom, laboratory teaching… Active teaching and methodologies are realized only if a flexible relational style is present in the learning environment, which gives space to the pupils’ interests and their experiences.

Who does the differentiated programming?

The differentiated programming consists of a personalized work plan for the pupil, drawn up by each teacher of the CdC for each individual subject, in collaboration with the support teacher.

What elements characterize the didactic planning?

Programming is characterized by educational intentionality, contextualization, that is, knowledge of the students and their educational situation, and rationalization: it is a complex activity that requires a period of reflection.

What is meant by multimedia teaching?

It is a teaching methodology in which the contribution of technological innovation becomes an instrument at the service of learning.

What are soft skills?

Empathy, problem solving, flexibility, teamwork, conflict management, effective communication. All these characteristics, and many others, are called transversal skills, abilities that determine the way a person relates within a work or social context.


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