Difference between pterygium and pinguecula?


Question from: Mr. Olo Esposito | Last updated: January 15, 2022

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The pterygium and the pinguecula are two abnormal bumps in the conjunctiva of the eye. Pterygium appears as a fleshy tissue on the cornea and varies in size. The pinguecula appears as a yellowish swelling in the white part of the eye.

How is the pinguecula treated?

Generally, the pinguecula does not provide any type of treatment unless the related symptoms are particularly intense. In this case, artificial tears, lubricants and steroid eye drops are applied to relieve irritation, dryness and inflammation of the eye.

Why does the pinguecula form?

Causes of the pinguecula

The pinguecula is caused by repeated exposure of the eyes to unprotected sunlight, wind, dust, excessively dry air. It affects people of all ages, especially over 50, who spend a lot of time in the sun or in dry and dusty environments.

What is pterygium?

Pterygium is an abnormal growth of tissue belonging to the conjunctiva (the membrane that covers the eyeball and the inside of the eyelids) on the cornea. The disease does not regress spontaneously, on the contrary, the tissue tends to continue to grow invading the cornea and thus limiting vision.

What is gelatinous in the eye?

The pinguecula is a degenerative, non-cancerous formation that forms in the eye on the conjunctiva (mucous membrane that lines the eyeball and the inner part of the eyelids, protecting and lubricating them). The pinguecula appears as a small yellowish eye growth, slightly raised.

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How to cure a blister in the eye?

If the disorder is particularly resistant, a special antibiotic-based stye cream can be used. The important thing is to NEVER try to squeeze the boil with your hands or pierce it with syringes and needles: in this way you would only risk spreading the infection further!

How do you get the whitest eye?

To try to lighten dark circles and enhance the white part of the eye, we recommend using blue pencils and eye shadows or those that contain blue pigments. In fact, this color lends itself both to define the look and to highlight the whites of the eyes.

How to remove the pterygium?


The operation involves the removal of the pterygium from the cornea and the subconjunctival fibrovascular membrane. It may be necessary to take a flap of healthy conjunctiva from the same eye or the other eye and transplant it to the point where the pterygium was removed.

What is keratoconus?

Keratoconus is a degenerative disease resulting from a lower resistance of the corneal structure. It occurs in childhood or puberty and progresses in most cases up to 35-40 years, in some subjects it can progress even beyond.

How is the cornea made?

The cornea is made up of superimposed layers, the outermost of which is the stratified paving epithelium, while the subsequent ones are formed by a dense interweaving of collagen fibrils arranged in lamellae, with a glycoprotein matrix that unites them and makes them transparent.

How to cure a conjunctival serous cyst?

Surgical treatment

In the presence of an eyelid cyst, surgical removal is indicated in most cases. The operation is carried out in an outpatient clinic and under local anesthesia. “An incision is made from which an attempt is made to remove the cyst while keeping the capsule intact, if possible.

What happens if conjunctivitis is not treated?


Bacterial infection can lead to a number of complications, especially in premature babies. These can include: Meningitis – When the protective layer surrounding the brain and spinal cord becomes infected.

When are artificial tears used?

This type of artificial tears is used in the case of severe dryness of the eye or in the recovery / convalescence phases after trauma or after surgery. Artificial tears with a more watery consistency, on the other hand, are indicated in case of mild dryness.

How long does the Pinguecula last?

Can the pinguecula heal? Certainly, in milder cases and with appropriate treatments based on artificial tears and steroid eye drops, the disease can completely regress within 3-4 weeks.

When does one eye become smaller than the other?

Microphthalmia is a congenital malformation of the eye, which is smaller than normal. The defect can be unilateral or bilateral and is caused by impaired ocular development over the course of intrauterine life.

Why does keratoconus come?

The etiology is unknown. It is hypothesized that at the source there are genetic factors that condition its onset. Additionally, keratoconus can be associated with: Damage or injury to the cornea: caused by severe eye rubbing, chronic irritation, or wearing contact lenses for prolonged periods.

How do you see someone with keratoconus?

How do you see the patient with keratoconus? In the beginning, an irregular curvature develops which modifies the refractive power of the cornea, producing image distortions, blurred vision both from near and far and photophobia (intolerance to light), and increased sensitivity to light reflections.

What to do with keratoconus?

Keratoconus surgery makes use of multiple solutions: implantation of intrastromal corneal rings (INTACS), cross linking of the cornea with riboflavin, laser to remove scars or nodules at the apex of the keratoconus and, in the most severe cases, lamellar corneal transplantation or full thickness perforating.

What are the risk factors for the development and progression of pterygium?

The incidence is higher in tropical and subtropical countries, where one is more exposed to the main risk factors, ie sunlight, wind, dust, heat, extremely dry air and smoke.

When does the whites of the eye swell?

The pinguecula is a yellowish, slightly protruding lesion that forms on the superficial tissue of the white part of the eye (sclera) near the corner of the cornea. It is typically found in the space between the eyelids, which is also the area most exposed to sunlight.

Where is cataract found?

Cataract (or hypochima) is a process of progressive loss of transparency of the lens in the eye which leads to a decrease in vision. It can affect one or both eyes. It often develops slowly and occurs mostly with increasing age.

How to whiten eyes without eye drops?

Green light then to raw fruits and vegetables (including blueberries, carrots, pumpkin, tomato, peaches, melon, apricots, foods rich in vitamin A), enriching if necessary with natural supplements, such as pollen, royal jelly, wheat germ, seeds oily or dried fruit.

How to remove yellow from eyes?

To remove excess bilirubin, a blood transfusion may be requested. Finally, some people even rely on acupuncture to treat yellow eyes, which seems to stimulate liver function.

How to lose melanin in the eye?

During sun exposure, the production of melanin can be affected by the sun’s rays and in some cases, the eyes may appear a little darker.

How to cure sty in the eye?

Generally the sty tends to resolve spontaneously, without the need for special treatments. If the inflammation is persistent, medical therapy consists in the administration of antibiotic eye drops following careful ocular hygiene.


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