How did the sinkholes massacres take place?


Question by: Manfredi Fontana | Last updated: November 30, 2021

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How people died in the sinkholes.

The condemned were tied to each other with a long wire tied to the wrists, and lined up on the banks of the sinkholes. … In the Trieste area alone, three thousand unfortunates were thrown into the Basovizza pit and into the other sinkholes of the Carso.

What were the sinkholes?

A foiba is one of the large sinkholes (or vertical caves, wells) typical of the karst region and of Istria. … Foiba is also the name of the well-known sinkhole that opens at the foot of the castle of Montecuccoli, in Pisino, and of the stream that flows into it.

What were the reasons for the sinkholes?

In fact, above all the massacres against the population of Istria, Venezia Giulia and Dalmatia, perpetrated by the Slavic partisans during the Second World War and shortly after the end of the war, and caused by ethnic and political reasons are indicated.

Where were the sinkholes?

The sinkholes are common graves typical of the Karst, widespread especially in the area of ​​Trieste and Istria.

Who did they throw in the sinkholes?

Because from that day on, Istria experienced the first wave of ethnic cleansing by Tito’s communist partisans, who rounded up Italian citizens from house to house and threw them into the sinkholes.

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When does Italy lose Istria?

In February 1947, Italy ratified the peace treaty that put an end to the Second World War: Istria and Dalmatia were ceded to Yugoslavia. Three hundred and fifty thousand people turn into exiles.

How many were the infoibati really?

How many really were the infoibati: perhaps five thousand, perhaps double or triple and how many refugees from the Istrian territories: about 350 thousand expelled from their homes, from their things, from their land and very badly received even when they arrived in Italy.

What did the peace treaties foresee?

It recognized the Brenner border to Italy (which thus annexed Trentino and southern Tyrol) and the formation of the new states of Czechoslovakia, Poland and Yugoslavia to which many Austrian territories went. It forbade a possible merger with Germany (Anschluss).

What are the sinkholes February 10?

In 2004, the Italian Parliament established the Day of Remembrance for 10 February, a moment of reflection to commemorate the thousands of Italians who died in what history calls “the sinkholes”.

Why the day of remembrance?

The institutional day was launched in 2004 to commemorate the victims of the sinkholes massacres and the Julian-Dalmatian exodus. Alongside the Holocaust Remembrance Day, Remembrance Day is linked to the violence and killings that took place in Istria, Rijeka and Dalmatia between 1943 and 1947.

When was Remembrance Day introduced?

Memorial Day: when it was established

January 27 is the date chosen by the United Nations General Assembly for the “International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Shoah”, established on November 1, 2005 with Resolution 60/7.

Why is February 10 the day of remembrance?

“The Republic recognizes February 10 as a” Day of Remembrance “in order to preserve and renew the memory of the tragedy of the Italians and of all the victims of sinkholes, of the exodus from their lands of the Istrians, Rijekers and Dalmatians after the Second World War and of more complex affair of the eastern border.

What are the World War II peace treaties?

The Paris Treaties were peace treaties signed in the French capital on 10 February 1947 after the end of the Second World War. The signing of the treaties was preceded by a peace conference which also took place in Paris, between 29 July and 15 October 1946.

What do the peace treaties of the First World War establish?

These treaties significantly reduced the extension of the national territory of the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria) by also requiring the payment of substantial sums in compensation for damages caused by the war.

What were the most important peace treaties after the First World War?

The Treaty of Versailles, also known as the Versailles Pact, is one of the peace treaties that officially ended the First World War. … The United States of America never ratified the treaty.

Who was killed in the sinkholes?

With the collapse of the regime – we are still at the end of 1943 – the fascists and all non-communist Italians were considered enemies of the people, first tortured and then thrown into the sinkholes. It is estimated that about a thousand people died.

What is the historical context that leads to the tragedy of the sinkholes?

The tragedy of the Istrian and Triestine sinkholes dates back to 1918 when Italy received all of Istria following the victory in the war of ’15 -’18 with about 500 thousand Slavs without their consent.

Who were the Tito partisans?

titino adj. and sm (f. -a). – Follower, partisan of Marshal Tito at the end of the 2nd World War, and then adhering to the ideological conceptions of Tito in internal and foreign politics (v.

When did we lose Croatia?

In September 1943, with the capitulation of Italy, the Italian part of Dalmatia – with the exception of Zara – was occupied by the German army and annexed to the Independent State of Croatia.

When did Italy lose Dalmatia?


With the Peace Treaty in Paris between Italy and the allied powers, on February 10, 1947, the Italian Republic loses a large part of Venezia Giulia and the last strip of Dalmatia.

Who ceded Istria?

Following the treaty of Campoformio (October 17, 1797), Istria together with the whole territory of the Republic of Venice was ceded to the Habsburgs of Austria.

When is the day of legality celebrated?

Not to forget, since 2002, the year of the tenth anniversary of the Capaci massacre, on May 23 the National Day for legality is celebrated whose purpose is to encourage educational activities aimed at the culture of respect and legality for active citizenship in schools, responsible and involved, …

What happened on February 10, 1947?

The peace treaty of February 10, 1947, with which Italian cities and lands were assigned to Yugoslavia was the coup de grace.


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