How do you read hypogeum?


Question from: Dr. Ingrid Romano | Last updated: December 18, 2021

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to. Underground: temple i .; underground tombs. b. Which is found or lives under the earth: environment i., In ecology, the environment that constitutes the habitat of plant and animal organisms living under the soil surface (respectively.

How do you pronounce hypogeum?

From the Italian vocabulary: Hypogeum

  1. Hyphenation. i | po | gè | or.
  2. Pronunciation. IPA: / ipo’ʤɛo /

  3. Etymology. from the Latin hypogeum which derives from the gtrco ὑπό that is “under” »and γῆ that is” earth “

What does underground chamber mean?

A hypogeum (hypógheios) is an underground construction of historical and anthropological interest, built entirely by humans or as a re-adaptation of natural cavities. The hypogea are studied by speleology in artificial cavities (formerly urban speleology).

What is the opposite of hypogeum?

(biol.) [che si trova o vive sotto la terra: flora, fauna i.] ≈ endogenous, Ⓖ underground. ↔ epigeal.

What are the underground tombs?

The underground tombs • (from the Greek hypogeios: underground) are the most common Etruscan tombs. They were built underground, dug into rocks or caves, taking the name of rock tombs. They were rectangular in shape with tuff walls, with large cubic shaped entrances.

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Which tomb has the underground burial chamber?

The cippus and the hypogean tomb are the protagonists of room 10 of the Roman archeology section of Alba Pompeia of the Alba Civic Archaeological and Natural Sciences Museum, found in years and in different circumstances, they were part of the necropolis of Alba Pompeia.

How are tumulus tombs made?

The tumulus tombs are generally made up of a circular structure called a tambour (hoof) built in blocks of bench stone, squared and dry-walled, surmounted by a pseudocupola in Alberese stone slabs arranged in concentric circles with decreasing diameter to form an envelope to …

Where are the tumulus tombs located?

Necropolis famous for the tumulus tombs are found in Cerveteri, Tarquinia, Vulci, Vetulonia, Populonia. Numerous tumuli are also found near Cortona and in the area of ​​inland Tuscany (provinces of Siena, Florence, Arezzo).

What are the tombs called?

cave or oven tomb. well tomb. tholos tomb. tumulus tomb.

What are the most common types of tombs among the Etruscans?

Among the most common types of tombs are the tumulus, the domed tomb (similar to the Mycenaean tholos with a circular layout, surmounted by a pseudocupola) and the well tomb.

Where did the Etruscans bury the dead?


They buried their own dead. … What were the Etruscan tombs like? The tombs were made up of one or more chambers carved into the rock or tuff. They were protected by conical mounds of earth and, at their base, there was a stone base.

How were the walls and ceiling of the tombs painted?

The Etruscan frescoes

Mineral paints and animal bristle brushes were used. The limestone of Tarquinia was particularly suitable for fresco painting. … These frescoes therefore have a very limited value for a realistic representation of the Etruscan population.

What were the Etruscan necropolis like?

The necropolis were real cities, often of great extension, equipped with walls, doors, squares, crossings marked by obelisks, they were built following a very orderly plan with straight streets and regular crossings, according to those religious precepts that imposed the same rules for the building of cities.

How were the Etruscan necropolises made and what were they used for?

There were different techniques for the burials of the dead: The Tumuli: they had a circular shape, were made of stone and the burial is covered with soil. The Apogee: groups of underground tuff tombs. The Tombs aedicule: located above the ground, they were similar to houses in the shape of a temple.

What did the necropolis house?

The term, equivalent to the modern cemetery, is generally used to indicate the burial places near the ancient centers.

What are the Etruscan Buccheri?

– Under this name we mean a particular type of pottery made on a lathe, uniformly black both inside and outside and polished on the surface, which is one of the characteristics of the Etruscan civilization.

How to describe Etruscan painting?

The Etruscan painters use the fresco technique, unknown to the Egyptians, but already known in the Greek civilization. It consists in painting on a wall “in fresco”, ie when the plaster from which it is covered is still fresh.

What is Etruscan painting related to?

Etruscan art was born from everyday life and always remained substantially bound to the satisfaction of the needs proposed by it. It was therefore closely linked, on the one hand, to the social structure, and on the other, to the sphere of religious conceptions and funerary ideology.

How were the Etruscans built cities?

The first Etruscan villages consisted of huts with a square, rectangular or round plan with a sloping roof (generally made of straw or clay). The Etruscan cities differed from the other Italic settlements, because they were not arranged at random, but followed a very precise economic or strategic logic.

How do the Etruscans view death?

In ancient times the Etruscans believed in some form of earthly survival of the deceased. … A beyond took shape, located in an underground world, in which the souls of the dead were transmigrating, inhabited by infernal divinities and the spirits of ancient heroes.

What did Etruscan women do?

The Etruscan woman was the freest in ancient societies: refined, elegant, independent, beautiful. … “Etruscan women”, wrote the distinguished scholar Jean-Paul Thuillier, “knew how to be the keepers of the hearth”, but at the same time they were able to “keep the crowd of servants and servants at bay.

Where did the Etruscan funeral ceremonies take place?

The Etruscan funeral architecture follows that of the Acropolis: initially the Etruscan houses were huts with a circular plan, as well as the tumuli that we find in many areas of Etruria and which housed several burial chambers, dedicated to the deceased belonging to the same family.

What were the furnishings that were part of the funeral kit?

The funerary equipment consisted of some indispensable elements: the sarcophagus, intended to house and protect the mummified body, thus guaranteeing a possibility of eternal life even for the spiritual entities of the deceased (Ba, Ka, Akh), the four canopic vessels for the viscera extracts from the body, a text by …

Which were the most important Etruscan cities?

Etruscan Dodecapolis

  • 1.1 Arezzo.
  • 1.2 Caere (Cerveteri)
  • 1.3 Closed.
  • 1.4 Volsinii (Orvieto)
  • 1.5 Populonia.
  • 1.6 Roselle.
  • 1.7 Tarquinia.
  • 1.8 Veii.

What architectural element did the Etruscans invent?

In architecture, the Etruscans were the bearers of a well-known construction system of probable Mesopotamian derivation, the arch, which was later recovered and brought to perfection by the constructive audacity of the Romans.


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