Question by: Enrica Valentini | Last updated: January 10, 2022
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List of language families
- Indo-European languages (~ 45%)
- Sino-Tibetan languages (~ 22%)
- Niger-Kordofan languages (~ 10%)
- Afro-Asiatic languages (~ 5%)
- Austronesian languages (~ 5%)
- Elamo-Dravidian languages (~ 3%)
- Altaic languages (~ 3%)
- Japanese language (~ 2%)
What are the language families of Europe?
European language families
As reported by the site dedicated to the European Day of Languages, established in 2001, most European languages belong to three large groups: Germanic, Romance and Slavic.
What is the largest language family?
Indo-European – 2.910 billion
The Indo-European language family is the largest in the world. It consists of 437 daughter languages and has an estimated 2.91 billion speakers in Europe and Asia. This number of speakers represents nearly half of the total global population.
Why have languages been divided into language families?
In their systematic study, most human dialects and languages can be traced back to certain language families. An accurately identified family is a phylogenetic unit that is, the members of which are considered to derive from a common ancestor.
What is meant by language families?
By linguistic family we mean a group of genealogically related languages, that is to say that they can historically be traced back to a proto common language, also called the mother tongue.
Find 25 related questions
What is the language family of Italian?
An evident case of genealogically related languages is that of the Romance or neo-Latin languages (Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, etc.): they are all derived from a single mother tongue, Latin.
How many language families are there in Asia?
About 2,000 languages are spoken in Asia grouped into different language families, some of which are found only on the Asian continent while others establish a link between this continent and the rest of the world.
How many linguistic strains are there?
The languages most spoken by the European population derive from three main linguistic groups, namely those of the Romance, Slavic and Germanic languages. Finno-Ugric, Baltic, Celtic, Altaic and Caucasian languages are also widely spoken in Europe.
Which language group does Greek belong to?
Greek belongs to the large family of Indo-European languages.
Which European languages belong to the Germanic group?
The Germanic languages in Europe
- Low German.
- Central German.
- Upper German.
- Scottish (Scots)
How many different languages are there in Europe?
The EU has 24 official languages. It is: Bulgarian.
How many official languages are there in Europe?
The EU has 24 official languages: Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish and Swedish.
How are languages grouped?
The codes associated with the languages
Since 1967, we have had an international language coding system called ISO 639. Each language is assigned a code and the coded languages are not only spoken languages, but also extinct languages, dialects and an unspoken language such as sign language.
What are the two linguistic strains that stood out in Europe?
- Sabellic dialects.
What languages do they speak in Asia?
However, the majority of Asians speak the common languages associated with the continent; Chinese, Hindi, English, Russian, Indonesian, Bengali and Japanese. The following are the most widely spoken languages on the continent.
Which large linguistic family does Italian refer to?
Greek, Latin, Italian, Sanskrit and many other languages are called Indo-European languages. These languages have a lot of similarities because they all descend from a very ancient common mother which is the Indo-European language.
What kind of language is English?
English (English: English, / ˈɪŋglɪʃ /) is an Indo-European language belonging to the western branch of the Germanic languages, along with Dutch, High and Low German and Frisian.
What is meant by vehicular language?
vehicular, languages Languages used for communication, and especially for teaching and for technical and scientific activities, between people of different mother tongues.
Which of the following is not an official language of the eu?
Currently Luxembourgish and Turkish (which are the official languages in Luxembourg and Cyprus respectively) are the only two national languages that are not official languages of the Union.
What is the least spoken language in the world?
The least spoken language in the world, at least according to 2001 data, is called Zàpara.
Which languages belong to the Indo-European language group?
What are the Indo-European languages?
- Indo-Iranian languages (e.g. …
- Latin and Romance languages.
- Germanic languages (Gothic, English, German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Greenlandic)
- Celtic (ex.
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