How to reduce infant mortality?


Question by: Aroldo Santoro | Last updated: January 9, 2022

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To put an end to the avoidable part of infant mortality, it is necessary to:

  1. extend access to qualified health workers to all families, during pregnancy and at the time of childbirth.
  2. disseminating low-cost measures such as vaccinations, breastfeeding and essential drugs.

How to reduce maternal mortality?

The range of interventions contemplated by organizations fighting for the reduction of maternal mortality, such as UNICEF, ranges from the spread of hygiene practices to prevent infections to the administration of oxytocin immediately after childbirth (to limit the risk of bleeding), from …

What are the causes of infant mortality?

Globally, the four major causes of death in children under the age of 5 were pneumonia (18%), premature birth (16%: 14% during the neonatal period and 2% in the post-neonatal period), disease diarrheal (11%) and asphyxia at birth (10%: 9% during the neonatal period and 1% in the …

What are the main causes of infant mortality in Africa?

The main causes of infant mortality are:

  • complications for premature births (17%)
  • pneumonia (15%)
  • complications during labor and delivery (11%)
  • diarrhea (9%)
  • malaria (7%).

Where are the majority of infant deaths occurring?

42% of deaths in children under 5 occur in the African region and 29% in the Southeast Asian region. The profile of causes of death varies across the 6 WHO regions, however the communicable diseases that kill the most remain the same, with the exception of malaria.

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Which Latin American country has the highest infant mortality?

The countries with a higher rate of infant mortality within the first year of life (Infant mortality) are: Central African Republic (88 children per 1,000 live births) Sierra Leone (82) Somalia (80)

How many babies die in Italy?

“The latest Istat data for 2017 show that the infant mortality rate in the Peninsula is 2.75 per 1,000: less than 3 children out of 1,000 die in the first year of life.

How is the infant mortality rate calculated?

The infant mortality rate is calculated by dividing the number of deaths of children less than one year old by the number of living births in the same calendar year.

Why does lack of water have a greater impact on infant mortality?

“The lack of water triggers a vicious circle whereby, between contaminated sources and poor sanitation, the chances of contracting potentially lethal diseases for the most vulnerable, such as children, increase dangerously” added Fatarella.

What are the reasons why people die more in poor countries?

The researchers exclude that the high mortality from cardiovascular causes recorded in the poorest countries depends on the fact that those populations have more risk factors than populations in high-income countries.

How many people in the world die of pneumonia each year?

Each year, pneumonia affects approximately 450 million people, 7% of the world’s population, resulting in approximately 4 million deaths.

How is the maternal mortality rate calculated?

Mortality of women and poverty, an inseparable link

The maternal mortality rate (calculated as the number of deaths per 100,000 births) is on average 12 in industrialized countries and 500 in Africa south of the Sahara.

What could help prevent the mortality of children under 5?

Before birth

  • Administration of micronutrients during pregnancy (iron and folic acid)
  • Vaccination against tetanus.
  • Test for infections due to sexual transmission.
  • Intermittent preventive treatment against Intrapartum malaria (at birth)
  • Detection and management of breech birth.

How many babies die in childbirth?

WHO: About two million babies die every year from birth complications. 904,400 newborns survive only a few days from birth complications each year, and over a million die in childbirth.

How many children die every day from water and sanitation related diseases?

In particular, children are the most affected: 1.5 million every year – equal to about 4,000 a day – die from diseases linked to the unavailability of drinking water or poor hygiene. Diarrhea is one of the most frequent causes of death: 1.4 million children under the age of 5 per year are victims of it.

How many people in the world are unable to use sanitation?

Currently, in fact, 87% of the world population (equal to about 5.9 billion people) has access to sources of drinking water, while almost 39% (equal to over 2.6 billion people) do not have sanitation. – basic sanitary.

How is the death rate calculated?

Formally, given a period of X years, the average annual population during that period is calculated (P.average) and the average annual number of deaths (Maverage). The mortality rate is given by T.mortality= Maverage/ Paverage× 1000.

Why is infant mortality a datum used to know the quality of life?

This index, together with life expectancy at birth, is extremely important in verifying the development of a population as it is closely related to the health, economic, environmental and social situation of the population to which it is applied.

How is the natural growth rate calculated?

The natural balance is the difference between live births and deaths in a given year. The natural increase rate is calculated by comparing the natural balance of the year to the population at 31/12 of the same year x 1000.

How many children die of hunger per year?

Nearly six million children under the age of five in the world suffer from hunger. And they are 50 percent more than in 2019. 14 October 2021 Over 2 million children therefore die every year also from malnutrition, 1 every 15 seconds.

What is the death rate?

The mortality rate due to cause is defined by the number of deaths that can be attributed to a specific cause in relation to the resident population.

How is life expectancy at birth calculated?

The average life expectancy is obtained by dividing the total number of years lived from a certain age among the initial population.

What is meant by life expectancy?

Life expectancy at age x, on the other hand, represents the average number of years left to live beyond age x under the mortality conditions of the year under consideration. The average life span is a longitudinal indicator calculated for a given year of birth.

Why is there a high infant mortality rate in Congo?

Although the economic and educational conditions are among the best in the world, they occupy the 30th place of the report. Not only because, between a large population and a health system that does not produce health for everyone, I am the industrialized country with the highest number of neonatal mortality cases (11 thousand).

What is the birth rate?

The birth rate is the ratio between the number of births in a population residing in a given territory over a period of time and the average population of the same period and of the same territory.


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