Thick perimeter walls of a house?


Question by: Jari Negri | Last updated: January 7, 2022

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Nowadays load-bearing walls are normally made with a reinforced concrete frame and light bricks, at most with a layer of heat-insulating material, so walls remain too light to meet all the requirements. These have a maximum thickness of 30 cm.

How thick are the walls of a house?

Measure the thickness of the walls

They have a thickness ranging from 45 to 70 cm, while the partition walls, also called partitions, have much smaller thicknesses: they never exceed 15 cm for the internal walls and 25 cm for the walls that divide the apartments.

How big are the perimeter walls?

The standard measure of the partition is 8 cm (“raw” state); with shaving and subsequent painting it reaches, on average, 10 cm (“finished” state).

How thick is a load-bearing wall?

A load-bearing wall is drawn with a more marked stroke than the others and has a greater thickness (from 20-30 cm upwards).

How are the exterior walls made?

The external walls can also be made of concrete and also be prefabricated. … The modular walls usually hung on the steel structures can be both concrete and sheet metal and always made with the sandwich technology that sees the interposition of insulating material.

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How to build an exterior wall?

Dig the soil to a depth of at least 30 cm, but go deeper if you intend to build a tall wall. In the excavation, insert the metal cage to reinforce the concrete and finally make the concrete pour to create the base. The foundations give greater stability and regularity to the wall.

How to reduce the thickness of a wall?

The thickness can also be changed by dragging the internal or external wall perpendicular to the wall using one of the two methods indicated below: After placing the mouse on the wall, click with the left button and manually change the thickness.

How to recognize the bearing walls in the cadastral plan?

Load-bearing walls: recognize them in the floor plan

The load-bearing structures are clearly highlighted in the floor plans of the buildings at a scale of 1:50 or 1: 100. Usually a load-bearing wall has a greater thickness (greater than 20-30 cm) and is drawn with a much more marked line than the others.

What are the load-bearing walls of an apartment building?

As a rule, the category includes both the so-called “load-bearing walls”, ie those which (such as the framework of pillars and architraves) constitute the skeleton or frame of the building, without it being noted that they are located inside or on the outside of the same, both the so-called “cladding panels and …

How much does it cost to open a passage in a load-bearing wall?

Bearing wall circling, turnkey service: from € 400.00 to € 2,500.00. Bearing wall circling, design and construction supervision: from € 200.00 to € 800.00.

How is a wall composed?

Currently the load-bearing walls are made of solid bricks, with blocks of stone, tuff or concrete, or by means of reinforced concrete beams and columns interspersed with infill.

How are the infill walls built?

Buildings made with a framed structure, for example with the most well-known structures with beams and pillars in reinforced concrete, require vertical closures to plug the structure created. This structure can be made of reinforced concrete, wood or even steel.

How many types of structures are there?

There are essentially three types of load-bearing structures.

  • Load-bearing wall system.
  • Frame system (beams + pillars)
  • Mixed system (load-bearing walls + beams + pillars).

How to make an opening in a load-bearing wall?

To open a door in a load-bearing wall it is necessary to comply with the regulatory requirements, that is: a residual side wall of at least 50 centimeters from the perpendicular load-bearing wall must be left.

What is meant by the boundary wall?

What does “boundary wall” mean? This is the wall that surrounds a space enclosing it, for reasons of hygiene or safety, or for protection purposes.

When is there a minimum condominium?

When we talk about “minimum condominium” we mean a condominium that has a minimum of two houses inside, belonging to different families, up to a maximum of 8 different condominiums.

How to modify a bearing wall?

The works that can be carried out to modify a load-bearing wall are:

  1. prop up the wall;
  2. tear down;
  3. circle the wall;
  4. coat the frame.

How to join two walls?

It involves connecting a partition wall to an external wall, in order to obtain a different division of a room. With two parallel lines you will have to mark the area where the new wall will connect to the old one. Using a mason’s chisel, the plaster is peeled off.

How big is a wall?

Normally the solid brick (the unified one) measures 5.5 cm x 12 cm (the head) x 25 cm, so the measurements of the masonry will correspond to the following measures: “one-headed” wall = 12 cm. “two-headed” wall = 25 cm (one brick in length or two head bricks and 1 cm of separation mortar)

How to build a tuff brick wall?

The rows of blocks must be placed in a staggered way. Remember to always check with the level that the rows overlap perfectly. Repeat the process for the number of rows necessary to reach the desired height.

How much does a concrete block wall cost?

Building a cinder block wall usually costs between € 55 and € 75 / m², although up to € 120 or € 150 / m² can sometimes be achieved.

How much does it cost to make a fence wall?

As an indication, we can say that the prices, per linear meter, are: Dry masonry fences, with natural stone: about € 120.00 – € 150.00 per meter, including labor.

What types of structures do you know?

types of structures

  • The structure with the load-bearing wall (corresponding to the pier) and the floor (corresponding to the beam) derives from the trilith.
  • The supporting framework in steel or reinforced concrete derives from the frame.
  • The vault or dome derives from the arch.
  • The sloping pitched roof derives from the truss.

What are the main supporting structures?

The vertical load-bearing structures are the wall and the column: the wall has both a load-bearing function and that of separating the spaces while the column has only the task of bearing the loads.


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