What are the ardeatine pits?

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Question from: Ing. Deborah Colombo | Last updated: August 5, 2021

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The massacre of the Fosse Ardeatine was the killing of 335 Italian civilians and military, political prisoners, Jews or common prisoners, murdered in Rome on 24 March 1944 by the German occupation troops …

How many were the dead of the Fosse Ardeatine?

Commander of the Gestapo in Rome, he carried out (March 24, 1944) the massacre of the Fosse Ardeatine, in which 335 Italian hostages were killed in retaliation for the killing of 32 German soldiers in an organized attack …

Which of the following streets in Rome is sadly known for the massacre of the Fosse Ardeatine which took place in March 1944?

On March 23, 1944 – day of the 25th anniversary of the founding of Mussolini’s Fascist Party – 17 partisans of the Patriotic Action Groups (GAP) led by Rosario Bentivegna detonated a bomb in Via Rasella, Rome, just as a column of German military.

How do you get to the Fosse Ardeatine?

– Take the Metro A (direction Anagnina) and get off at the S. Giovanni stop (in Piazza di San Giovanni in Laterano). Continue on foot to the nearby Porta S. Giovanni stop and take the ATAC bus line 218 (direction Ardeatina / Scuola Padre Format), with the Ardeatina / Fosse Ardeatine stop.

What happened to Marzabotto in 1944?

The massacre of Marzabotto (from the largest of the municipalities affected), the massacre of Marzabotto or more correctly the massacre of Monte Sole was a series of massacres carried out by the Nazi-fascist troops in Italy between 29 September and 5 October 1944, in the territory of the municipalities of Marzabotto, Grizzana Morandi and Monzuno which include the …

Find 45 related questions

Who were the partisans during the Second World War?

In general, partisans identify those who rebelled in the countries occupied by the Axis troops during the Second World War.

What fact provokes the horrible German reprisal that took place during the Second World War which saw more than 300 civilians massacred in the Fosse Ardeatine?

The massacre of the Fosse Ardeatine was the killing of 335 Italian civilians and military, political prisoners, Jews or common prisoners, murdered in Rome on March 24, 1944 by the German occupation troops in retaliation for the partisan attack in via Rasella, carried out on March 23 by members of the Roman GAP, in which they were …

What do the partisans fight for?

By “partisan struggle” we mean a defense war of a civil nature against a military occupation, the conquest or colonization of a territory.

What are Nazi reprisals?

a violent and inhuman, indiscriminate punitive action or measure adopted by the occupying power against the population of the occupied territory, when this has caused some damage to its own officials or military personnel.

What are the German roundups?

The word “mopping”, from which “raked” derives, has military significance: it is an action carried out by minor units or patrols to capture above all civilian elements to be then assigned, if valid, to forced labor or to exchanges in conditions of real deportation.

Why was the Resistance important for the Italian people?

The Resistance movement is animated by heterogeneous forces, different from each other for political orientation and ideological setting, united however by the common goal of struggle against Nazi-fascism, for the liberation of the country from the foreign and internal enemy.

Who freed Italy from fascism?

April 25, 1945 is the day on which the Upper Italy National Liberation Committee (CLNAI) – whose command of Milan was chaired by Alfredo Pizzoni, Luigi Longo, Emilio Sereni, Sandro Pertini and Leo Valiani (present among others the designated president Rodolfo Morandi, Giustino Arpesani and Achille Marazza) – …

What is meant by resistance in World War II?

Resistance The movement of popular, political and military struggle that took place during the Second World War (1939-45) in the areas occupied by the German and Italian armies against the external invaders and against their internal allies and which, depending on the country, had characteristics, purpose and also intensity …

Which European countries during the Second World War saw resistance movements against Nazi-fascism within them?

The Resistance in Europe

The patriotic and political motivations of opposition to Nazism were widespread in Poland, Italy and Yugoslavia where the ruling classes no longer existed and where, therefore, a new political and social order was being thought of.

What is war resistance?

The term “Resistance” refers to the multiple actions of struggle, guerrilla warfare, sabotage and opposition which, during the Second World War and on the side of the actual conflict between opposing armies, were carried out, mostly by large fringes of civilian populations, in the occupied countries …

Who is part of the allies?

The four-nation war coalition also became known by the definition, coined by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, of “four powers”, corresponding to the four main allies of World War II: the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and the China.

Who freed Italy from the Germans in World War II?

In Milan the American troops arrived with the city already in the hands of the partisans, except for some German resistance centers. In April 1945, under the Supreme Allied Command in the Mediterranean of the British General Sir Harold Alexander, he operated in Italy, under the orders of the American Lieutenant General Mark W.

Who frees Italy on April 25?

In 1945, today, the Nazi and Fascist soldiers withdrew from Turin and Milan, even if the war continued for a while. 1945.

How many partisans died to free Italy?

And in Italy? In our country, according to the Historical Office of the Army General Staff, the dead partisans were more than 54 thousand: of these, 17,488 were military and 37,288, civilians. To the figure must be added the Italian partisans who died in the Balkans, about 9,249, soldiers.

What are the years of the Resistance?

The Resistance, or war of Liberation, if you prefer, between September 1943 and April 1945, involved a difficult number of people, especially young people: if in April 1945 there were 130 thousand fighters or patriots (increased up to 250-300 thousand on insurrection days), it was …

What role did the Resistance play in the liberation of Italy?

The Italian Resistance, simply Resistance, also called Partisan Resistance or Second Risorgimento, was the set of political and military movements that in Italy, after the armistice of Cassibile, opposed Nazi-fascism in the context of the Italian liberation war.

What does resistance consist of?

Resistance is a measure of opposition to the flow of current in an electrical circuit. Resistance is measured in ohms, a unit of measurement whose symbol is the Greek letter omega (Ω). … To him we owe the famous law of Ohm.

Where is the Gustav line located?

It extends from the mouth of the Garigliano river, which has always been a natural border between southern and central Italy on the Tyrrhenian side, to the city of Ortona, on the Adriatic, about 25 km south of Pescara. Its strategic fulcrum is represented by Cassino and its abbey.

What happened on October 16, 1943?

October 16, 1943, 75 years ago, the roundup of the ghetto of Rome, Mattarella: «An incurable wound» It was October 16, 1943, the “black Saturday” of the ghetto of Rome. At 5.15 am the SS invaded the streets of the Portico d’Ottavia and rounded up 1024 people, including over 200 children.

What is meant by deportation?

– Punishment by which the offender is deprived of civil and political rights, removed from the place of the crime or residence and relegated to a territory far from the motherland: sentencing to law; the d. in Siberia, in the penal colonies; deportation colony. … / deporta’tsjone / sf[fromLat[dallat

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