What causes food poisoning?


Question by: Ing. Ortensia Sorrentino | Last updated: December 27, 2021

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Food poisoning and infections generally originate from the ingestion of foods containing agents such as viruses and parasites, in particular poisonings are caused by food contaminated with toxins, while infections lead to the presence of harmful micro organisms in the intestinal mucosa.

What are food poisoning?

Food poisoning results from ingesting a plant or animal that contains a toxin. Poisoning occurs after ingestion of poisonous species of fungi or plants, or contaminated fish or crustaceans. The most common symptoms are diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, and sometimes seizures and paralysis.

What are the toxins that cause food poisoning?

Types of toxins responsible for food poisoning

  • Bacterial toxins:

  • Mycotoxins:
  • Phytotoxins or plant toxins. …
  • Algal toxins:

What is meant by food poisoning?

Food poisoning is a term given to infections with bacteria, parasites, viruses, or toxins by germs that affects humans via contaminated food or water. The most common causative organisms are staph or Escherichia coli.

How to tell if the body is intoxicated?

People become intoxicated when they eat food contaminated with bacteria and toxins, produced by the same bacteria.

What are the symptoms of food poisoning?

  1. severe nausea.
  2. He retched.
  3. dysentery.
  4. stomach ache.
  5. abdominal cramps.
  6. heachache.
  7. dizziness.
  8. lack of appetite.

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What poisons the body?

Bacterial poisoning can arise from the intake of water or contaminated or badly preserved food. Here are some of the more common bacterial toxins. Salmonella. It can be found in all meats, both white and red, in eggs, fish, shellfish and some types of vegetables.

What happens if you eat something that has gone bad?

and intoxications. Others, more serious, appear in case of food poisoning and toxic infections: vomiting, dysentery, nausea and fever can occur after the ingestion of expired food but also contaminated by dangerous microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria or fungi.

How to tell if you have food poisoning?

General symptoms of food poisoning

  1. Abdominal cramps and pain.
  2. Nausea and vomiting.
  3. Migraine.
  4. Weakness which can be severe or even lead to paralysis.
  5. Diarrhea – it can be watery and copious or it can be bloody at times.
  6. Fever with colds and tremors or rigors.
  7. Muscle aches and pains.

How to detoxify from food poisoning?

The first thing to do is to let your stomach rest, so don’t ingest any food (neither solid nor liquid). Fasting, in these cases also facilitated by the lack of appetite, is the first cure for resolving food poisoning.

What drugs to take for food poisoning?

Anti-allergy agents. Atropine is administered for mushroom poisoning. Diphenhydramine and cimetidine are anti allergy agents which are prescribed for fish poisoning and mannitol is recommended for symptoms related to ciguatera nerve poisoning.

How do you know if you have a poisoned liver?

  • Yellow skin and eyes. …
  • Very dark urine. …
  • Itchy skin. …
  • Appearance of bruises. …
  • Chronic fatigue. …
  • Weight fluctuations. …
  • High fever. …
  • Stools that are pale or yellowish.

What are the most common symptoms of the toxins you have studied?

Food poisoning symptoms

  • Diarrhea.
  • He retched.
  • Nausea.
  • Abdominal cramps.
  • Fever.

How to tell if you have salmonella?

Symptoms of salmonellosis appear 12-72 hours after ingestion of the contaminated food and may include:

  1. diarrhea, even severe (stools are runny and often accompanied by mucus),
  2. presence of blood in the stool,
  3. cramp-like abdominal pain,
  4. tenesmus (feeling of incomplete evacuation),

When can we talk about food poisoning?

In humans, they occur 1-6 hours after ingestion of contaminated food and consist of vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhea. They are short-lived (24-48 hours) but can cause severe dehydration. Bacteria, in the form of spores, mainly contaminate meat-based foods.

How long does an intoxication last?

Food poisoning has a very variable duration depending on the microorganism or toxic substance that caused it. Generally, the most common forms last from 1-3 days to a week, but in some cases it may take longer to recover normal intestinal function and full well-being.

How to distinguish intestinal virus from intoxication?

While the intoxication occurs in less than 4 hours (using his polite ways), with the flu you feel an incubation that can last up to 12 hours from the moment you contract the virus, just like normal flu. .

What happens if you eat spoiled fish?

Symptoms begin 2 to 8 hours after ingestion. Abdominal colic, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea last from 6 to 17 h; then, itching, paraesthesia, headache, myalgia, inversion of the sensation of hot and cold and pains in the face arise.

What to do in case of food poisoning?

What to do in case of intoxication

  1. any activity must be stopped immediately
  2. stay calm, call 118 speaking slowly and follow the operator’s instructions.

What to do to stop diarrhea?

Diarrhea and natural remedies

  1. Drink lots of water. …
  2. Lactic ferments: essential for restoring the proper functioning of the intestinal bacterial flora.
  3. Lemon is the classic grandmother’s remedy. …
  4. Mint (we are not talking about mint flavored candies, but the leaves). …
  5. Chamomile. …
  6. Diet.

What happens if you eat expired tuna?

Symptoms occur from a few minutes to a few hours after eating fish and affect the skin (facial erythema, sensation of heat), the gastrointestinal system (diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain) and headaches, palpitations and tremors are also frequent.

What happens if you eat an expired cheese?

Generally, up to 4-5 days after the deadline there are no major problems. Fresh and aged cheeses: they are not dangerous. Before throwing in a mozzarella or stracchino so it is better to taste it and, if the taste is not sour, everything is ok. If the package swells, however, better leave it alone.

What happens if the cream has expired?

What happen? It causes too many bubbles to break, which aggregate and form a compound with a consistency that will not allow you to use the cream as you wish. The cream, in fact, becomes particularly sticky, more like a butter cream.

How to eliminate toxins from the body?

Drink lots of fluids: water is the means by which the body excretes much of the excess toxins, with urine or sweat. It is necessary to take at least two liters of liquids (water, herbal teas, broths, purees … but not alcohol!) A day to facilitate the purification that the body carries out naturally.

What happens to the body when it cleanses itself?

The purification process takes place through filter organs, called emunctors, organic structures responsible for eliminating toxins from our body, these are: liver, intestine, kidneys.

How are toxins formed in the body?

“Toxins are a waste product of our metabolism, but they can also come from the outside, for example from pollution or an unhealthy diet.


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