What does leguminous mean?


Question by: Danthon De rosa | Last updated: December 6, 2021

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Leguminosae are so called because they produce fruits called legumes or pods, with an elongated shape and formed by two halves or valves within which numerous seeds are aligned one after the other.

What does leguminous mean?

legume, any legume plant: the bean is a legume. … [pianta erbacea, arbustiva o arborea, che presenta un frutto secco, utilizzato per l’alimentazione] ≈ papilionacea.

What does Fabaceae mean?

Fabaceae Family of dicotyledonous plants, also called Papilionaceae, with characteristic pod fruit, called legume. It includes species of considerable economic importance. F. are grasses or woody plants with almost always compound leaves.

How to recognize a legume?

They have pinnate leaves, inflorescences in clusters (they are also called Papilionaceae due to the butterfly shape of the flower); the Leguminosae have a fruit (legume or pod) which is formed by a carpel (a modified leaf with reproductive function) that encloses the seeds; their roots contain useful nitrogen fixing bacteria …

Why are legumes important?

Legumes are important for human health as, due to their lecithin content, they allow to reduce blood cholesterol levels and because they are foods with an excellent content of carbohydrates and this gives them good energy.

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What plants are legumes?

The order of the Leguminosae includes herbaceous plants such as beans, broad beans, chickpeas, peas, lentils, clover and alfalfa, and arboreal or shrubby plants such as the Judas tree, laburnum and common gorse.

What ecological advantages does the cultivation of legumes offer today?

Another advantage in the cultivation of legumes is that the plants have little need for water. This is because the root systems are deep, thanks to tap roots. In this way the plants are able to meet their water needs on their own.

How to recognize alfalfa?

How to recognize the seed

– reniform seeds, more or less modified by depression at the poles; – smooth, matte surface; – yellowish brown or olive color, tending to darken with aging; – radicle half the length of the cotyledons; – weight of 1.000 seeds: 1.8-2.2 g.

What is the typical fruit of the fabaceae?

It includes the bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), the pea (Pisum sativum L.), the broad bean (Vicia faba L.), the lupine (Lupinus), the chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), the caiano (Cajanus indicus ), peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.), soybean (Glycine max (L.)

What is the Favino?

The field bean is an annual plant, with rapid development, with an erect habit, glabrous, of a gray-green color, with indeterminate development. The root is taproot, rich in bulky tubercles.

What is the name of the fruit of the Legumes?

The pod is the fruit of legumes or even the only part that acts as a container for the seeds of the same. It is formed by a carpel that encloses the seeds. When ripe, the pod opens at the two bottlenecks (dorsal and ventral), releasing the seeds.

Which family does the bean belong to?

Phaseolus vulgaris L.

The common bean, the one to be shelled so to speak, is an annual plant that belongs to the Leguminosae family, also called Fabaceae. It can be climbing, semi-upright or dwarf. Creepers need supports like canes.

Which botanical family do legumes belong to?

Legumes are very popular vegetables for their nutritional qualities and can be eaten either individually or in combination with other types of vegetables or as a side dish for dishes. They belong to the Fabaceae family, also commonly known as the Leguminosae.

When to sow legumes?

Generally, the sowing time of legumes is autumn in places characterized by mild winters and hot and dry springs, and late winter in areas with long and harsh winters. Mineral fertilization, if done, is usually done during soil preparation or sowing.

What are the various types of legumes?

The main types of legumes

  • Beans. …
  • Green beans. …
  • Lentils. …
  • Chickpeas. …
  • Cicerchie. …
  • Fava beans. …
  • Lupins. …
  • Soy.

How is alfalfa made?

The alfalfa plant consists of numerous erect stems 0.80-1 m high, which develop from the tuft after the previous stems have been harvested. This rapid drop that regenerates the vegetation after each cut is one of the most important and appreciated characteristics of this forage.

When should alfalfa be cut?

The collection of alfalfa must be done in full bloom in order to obtain a more nutritious and better quality forage.

What are oil plants?

These are sunflower, canola, sesame, peanut, rapeseed, mustard, castor and safflower. The production of these crops is destined for both the food and non-food markets. The main oils are extracted from soy, rapeseed, palm and sunflower.

Where are legumes grown?

They are grown in rich, well-dissolved soils fertilized with mature manure. Place the seed soaked in water overnight, in holes 5 centimeters deep, 15 centimeters apart and in rows spaced 40 centimeters apart for dwarf varieties, double for shrubby and climbing ones.

What are green manure crops?

Legumes for green manure

Among the most important green manure legumes we have: field bean, incarnate clover, vetch, forage pea, sainfoin, lupine, soybean, sweet clover, plus some vegetables such as lentils, peas, beans and broad bean.

Where are legumes found?

Leguminous plants, widespread all over the world and especially in tropical and subtropical regions, have very different characters, both from a vegetative and a flowering point of view. In most cases they are woody and perennial plants, although herbaceous or aquatic species are not rare.

What to plant next to legumes?

Carrots thrive next to peas, lettuce, rosemary, onions, sage, and tomatoes. But you have to keep them away from the dill. Cucumbers do not appreciate proximity to herbs or potatoes, but they are very productive when planted next to beans, corn or peas.

What can be planted in the fall?


From September it is possible to sow spinach, radishes, onions, lettuce, beets, carrots, cabbage, rocket, leek, valerian, chicory, radicchio, endive, turnip greens and pink garlic.

Which vegetables are legumes?


  • the beans;
  • peas;
  • lentils;
  • the chickpeas;
  • broad beans;
  • the cicerchie;
  • lupins;
  • soy.


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