What does the radiotherapy visit consist of?


Question by: Ing. Zelida Martino | Last updated: January 9, 2022

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During the radiotherapy visit, the doctor evaluates the clinical and instrumental examinations – such as histological examinations, CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging, PET – already carried out by the patient, explains to the patient the advantages and disadvantages of the treatment, compiles the medical record, obtains informed consent written.

What tests should be done before radiotherapy?

The patient must come to the radiotherapy visit with the reports of all the tests that have been prescribed before the visit: CT scan, magnetic resonances, PET, histological examinations and any other useful documentation.

How does it feel after radiotherapy?

Other side effects of radiation therapy depend more closely on the area being treated:

  1. Brain: hair loss, nausea and vomiting, …
  2. Breast: hair loss, skin changes, …
  3. Chest: hair loss, …
  4. Head and neck: hair loss, …
  5. Pelvic and rectal area: diarrhea. …
  6. Stomach and abdomen: diarrhea,

When is radiotherapy done?

Radiotherapy for curative (or radical) purposes aims to eliminate cancer cells and, therefore, to radically cure the disease (for example, in cancers of the prostate or larynx). It can be performed alone or in association with chemotherapy ((for example, in tumors of the anus)).

What does radiotherapy mean?

Radiation therapy is a treatment that uses radiation to destroy cancer cells (Video). Radiation treatments are planned to cause maximum damage to cancer cells while limiting damage to surrounding healthy tissues.

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What damage does radiation therapy cause?

Damage to the mucous membranes: as in the case of the skin, even the mucous membranes – when treated with radiotherapy – can undergo redness and irritation. Nausea and vomiting: these effects are caused by radiotherapy carried out in the abdomen or stomach.

What is the difference between radiotherapy and chemotherapy?

Radiotherapy: involves the use of x-rays to target cancer cells and destroy them. Chemotherapy: involves the use of drugs capable of blocking the duplication of cells.

Which tumors are treated with radiotherapy?

The technique is mainly used for prostate cancer, cervical cancer and some cancers of the head and neck, such as that of the tongue.

How many courses of radiation therapy for breast cancer?

Usually, the treatment is performed in 5-7 weeks, with daily sessions, from Monday to Friday, rest on the weekend to allow the regeneration of healthy cells, and dividing the total radiation therapy dose of 45-50 Gy into daily fractions of 1. , 8-2 Gy[GyshortforGrayistheunitof[GyabbreviazionediGrayèl’unitàdi

What not to do when doing radiotherapy?

Avoid direct sources of heat or cold: the use of ice and / or hot water bottles is contraindicated. Avoid using deodorants, perfumes, lotions, oils, creams and substances containing alcohol in direct contact with the irradiated skin. Avoid using products containing metals, menthol and phenol.

How long does the fatigue last after finishing radiotherapy?

Tiredness: You can feel very tired during the course of radiotherapy. It is important to learn to listen to your body: take the time for everything and get plenty of rest. Fatigue may persist for a few months even after the end of the treatment.

How long does the fatigue last after radiotherapy?

Fatigue can continue for a period ranging from six weeks to 12 months after the end of radiotherapy, some people may feel tired all the time and, even after the end of radiotherapy, they will not have the same energy as before.

When do the side effects of radiotherapy appear?

The side effects of radiotherapy are of two types: acute when they arise in the first days of treatment and end in a short time from the end of the same. They are usually due to inflammation caused by radiation; late and often more severe, in relation to the irradiated organs.

What is the name of the specialist who does radiotherapy?

The radiotherapist oncologist is the medical specialist expert in oncology and on the use of ionizing radiation for therapeutic purposes. He is the reference figure for the patient, being the clinical manager of all the treatment. It is he who sets the indication for radiotherapy treatment.

What values ​​should the PSA have after radiotherapy?

(Reuters Health) – In men with prostate cancer, a specific PSA value greater than 0.5ng / mL after radiotherapy and androgen deprivation (ADT) would be associated with poorer survival.

How long does the centering last?

Centering lasts about half an hour and is preceded, in some cases, by the packaging of an immobilization system (thermoplastic mask) to help the patient maintain the correct position during centering and treatment.

How many sessions are in a course of radiotherapy?

Generally, one radiotherapy session is carried out per day from Monday to Friday, with a break on Saturday and Sunday. In some cases, however, radiotherapy is administered twice a day or every other day. The overall treatment period lasts on average a few weeks (around 20-25 sessions).

How long does a course of breast radiotherapy last?

It is done at the hospital’s radiotherapy center, usually on an outpatient basis. The total dose to be irradiated is divided into short daily sessions with a weekend break. A course of breast cancer treatment lasts three to six weeks.

When does radiotherapy start after quadrantectomy?

International guidelines indicate that radiotherapy should begin within 8 weeks of surgery, preferably between 4 and 6 weeks, unless there is a medical reason why it should be delayed.

Which therapy guarantees the destruction of cancer cells?

Radiotherapy. Radiation therapy is a therapeutic treatment that uses radiation called ionizing to destroy cancer cells.

When is chemo and radio done?

Post-operative chemo-radiotherapy

In cases where the risk of local recurrence of head and neck cancer is particularly high, surgical removal of the neoplasm is followed by a treatment that combines chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Who does radio and chemotherapy emits radiation?

In patients undergoing external beam radiotherapy (linear accelerator therapy, tomotherapy, cyber-knife) there is no radioactivity caused by the treatment and no precautions are required for close people.

How many types of radiotherapy are there?

In relation to the mode of administration, there are essentially two types of radiotherapy: • external or transcutaneous radiotherapy, in which the source of radiation, represented by linear accelerators, is located outside the patient’s body; it does not make the …

How to defeat the fatigue?

Regularly engaging in even simple physical exercise (e.g. walking) reduces fatigue, nausea, and vomiting and, in some people, can improve sleep. Plan the day by including light physical exercise among the activities.

How long does the fatigue last?

They call it fatigue: that sense of profound physical exhaustion, which does not pass even with rest, linked to cancer and treatments. A profound asthenia too often underestimated by doctors.


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