What is the back of the tongue?


Question by: Ariel Testa | Last updated: December 25, 2021

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Its dorsal surface constituted by the lingual mucosa is convex in every direction and is distinguishable in two parts, different both in appearance and in embryological origin, called body and root of the tongue, or oral portion and pharyngeal portion.

What is behind the tongue?

The chondroglossus muscle originates from the small horn of the hyoid bone, moves upwards and anteriorly until it reaches the posterior end of the lateral margin of the tongue. Here its bundles fit into the inferior longitudinal muscle. Its contraction brings the tongue down and back.

What’s inside the language?

The tongue is a muscular organ of the mouth. It is covered with a pink mucous membrane and lingual papillae which give it its rough texture. In its anterior part, the tongue is anchored to the floor of the mouth by a mucous branch called the frenulum, while in the posterior area it is connected to the hyoid bone.

What is the language base called?

Anatomy. The lingual frenulum joins the underlying part of the tongue to the base of the oral cavity, unlike the frenulum of the lips it contains elastic fibers. This can be observed by lifting the tongue.

How is the language composed?

The tongue consists of a free buccal portion, called the body, in which an upper face, an apex, two lateral margins and a lower face are distinguished, and a pharyngeal portion, called the root, which rises from the floor of the mouth.

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What is the name of the tongue disease specialist?

The specialist who treats the diseases of Oral Medicine is the expert in Odontology.

What is there after the language?

Epiglottis: What it is

The epiglottis separates the tongue from the laryngeal cavity and projects obliquely upwards, almost forming a sort of “valve”. Its main function is, in fact, to prevent the access of chewed foods inside the airways, in the act of swallowing.

How to recognize a tumor in the mouth?

Typical symptoms and signs of mouth cancer are:

  1. Persistent sore throat.
  2. Formation of a lump outside (on the skin) or inside the mouth.
  3. Loss of teeth.
  4. Appearance of white (leukoplakia) or red (erythroplakia) patches inside the mouth.
  5. Pain and stiffness in the jaw.

What is the inside mouth called?

The inside of the mouth is lined with mucous membranes. When they are healthy, the mucous membranes that line the mouth (oral mucosa) have a reddish-pink color. The gums are lighter pink and surround the teeth. The palate, the roof of the mouth, is divided into two parts.

What is the inner mouth called?

The oral cavity includes the anterior two thirds of the tongue, the gums, the inner surface of the cheeks and lips, the lower part of the mouth under the tongue (the oral floor), the bony upper part of the mouth (the hard palate) and the area located behind the teeth (the retromolar trine).

How does tongue cancer manifest itself?

Symptoms of Tongue Cancer

Persistent sore throat and jaw pain. Pain when chewing and swallowing, resulting in weight loss (prevents the patient from eating adequately). Bleeding of the tongue not due to bites or cuts. Sense of numbness of the organ.

How long is a human’s tongue?

Since, if the average length of the tongue is about 9/10 centimeters, its length is 16.5 centimeters.

What are the Subhyoid muscles?

The subhyoid muscles are four muscles of the neck, equal and symmetrical, which occupy the region under the hyoid bone. These four muscles act as depressants of the hyoid bone and larynx during swallowing and speaking.

When do the taste buds swell?

Swollen and inflamed taste buds can be a sign of nutritional deficiencies related to one’s diet. From an emotional point of view, on the other hand, the swelling of the taste buds reveals a stressful situation as well as a difficulty in adapting to changes.

How did I discover throat cancer?

Persistent and unmotivated lowering of voice with variation of the vocal timbre, pain and difficulty in swallowing, persistent pain in the ear, when swallowing or swelling in the neck due to laryngeal cancer.

What closes the larynx?

The epiglottis has the function of preventing chewed food and saliva from going sideways: it is for this reason that, during swallowing, it lowers on the opening of the larynx, as if to temporarily close it, thus preventing access to the bolus. food.

What is the oral mucosa?

Richly vascularized and innervated membrane that lines the inside of the lips, cheeks and the lower part of the dental arches. The oral mucosa constantly secretes a humectant called mucus.

What is the inner cheek called?

mejilla; ted. Wange; ingl. cheek). – In common parlance by cheek or cheek is meant each of the fleshy lateral parts of the face, between which the nose and mouth are located; some include the cheekbone, others exclude it.

When to worry about canker sores?

When to worry? Although there is no need to be alarmed in any case, it is good to contact your doctor if the aphta is accompanied by fever: in that case there may be an infection in progress for which a thorough check is required.

What does gum cancer look like?

Initially they manifest as small ulcers or sores that are modestly or very slightly bleeding, which do not heal with local or general therapies. There is no pain. As the disease progresses, tooth mobility and laterocervical adenopathies (swollen lymph nodes in the neck) may appear.

How do you know if you have cancer?

Localized signals

  1. Lumps or swellings.
  2. In the. As for the appearance of nodules, the appearance of one’s skin must also be well known and kept under control. …
  3. Blisters or ulcers.
  4. Cough and / or hoarse voice. …
  5. Difficulty swallowing.
  6. Difficulty urinating.
  7. Difficulty in breathing. …
  8. Bleeding.

How do you know you have cancer?

The main symptoms include: jaundice; nausea and vomit; indigestion; lack of appetite; excessive weight loss; pain localized to the right side of the upper abdominal region; fever; swelling of the abdomen or lower limbs; pain in the bones; difficulty concentrating; respiratory difficulties …

What to do if you bite your tongue?

The best solution to ward off swelling is to intermittently apply an ice cube to the wound for a few minutes. If the tongue bite wound begins to bleed and does not stop, medical assistance should be contacted as soon as possible.

What causes canker sores on the tongue?

Aphthae often form during periods of severe physical or mental stress. Hormonal imbalances, the menstrual cycle, food intolerances, inflammatory diseases of the intestine and disorders of the bacterial flora can also contribute to the formation of micro-lesions of the oral mucosa.

How is the geographic tongue treated?

Unfortunately, there is no specific cure for the geographic tongue. The dentist suggests paying particular attention to one’s oral hygiene with a thorough cleaning of the teeth at the end of each meal.


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