What is the long-term mortality of the living donor?


Question by: Concetta Costantini | Last updated: January 9, 2022

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Mortality and cardiovascular risk

The studies carried out suggest that long-term survival after kidney donation is the same as that of the general population (24) and this also for donors older than 55, provided they are carefully selected (25).

What are the main contraindications to living kidney donation?

Suisse des Donneurs Vivants d’Organe – Swiss Association d. living donors.

22.4% mentioned the following problems:

  • tiredness 6.8%
  • pain 4.2%
  • scar-related problems 2.7%
  • abdominal problems 1.3%
  • other problems 4.7%
  • financial problems 1.7%
  • psychological problems 1%

What happens if I donate a kidney?

the kidneys, being equal organs, the donor can live with only one kidney. The risk resulting from the donation is very low since the donor is carefully studied. In fact, remote controls up to 25 years did not reveal significant clinical consequences for the donor.

How can the compatibility of the kidney be seen?

To ascertain compatibility between donor and recipient there are three tests that must be performed: blood group analysis, cross-match and HLA compatibility. Blood group compatibility has always been considered a fundamental requirement for performing living donor kidney transplantation.

What is the prevalence of arterial hypertension in the living donor?

However, this observation was not confirmed by a Swedish study specifically conducted on living donors; the prevalence of hypertension was 38% (31% for women and 46% for men), no higher than in the general population after adjusting for age (28).

Find 31 related questions

How many hypertensive people are there in Italy?

Overall 31% of the Italian population is hypertensive and 17% is border-line. In men the values ​​are higher in the North-East (37%) and in the North-West (32%), in women in the South (34%).

How many people suffer from hypertension in Italy?

In Italy the “army” of hypertensive people can count on at least 15 million “units”. Many, in fact, are the Italians who suffer from high blood pressure, a disease that every year is the cause, or rather the contributing cause, of 240,000 deaths.

When is the first kidney transplant with an artificial one?

In 1954, Joseph Murray performed the first kidney transplant between monozygotic twins in Boston, and for the first time the organ was lodged in the iliac fossa. For this surgery, Murray was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1990.

How long do you live after a kidney transplant?

How long do you live after a kidney transplant

About 95% of kidney recipients are still alive one year after transplantation. The percentage of still functioning transplanted kidneys is: for kidney from living donor about 95% for kidney from deceased donor about 90%

How does typing work?

Typing records potential bone marrow donors in an international registry. Only one person in 100,000 is compatible with those waiting for a transplant, but in the rare event, they are contacted to make a blood sample. This can be done in two ways, at the donor’s discretion.

How much do they pay to donate the kidney?

An organ is worth 5-10 thousand dollars when explanted. Its price per transplant reaches 70-100 thousand dollars, up to 250 thousand dollars, depending on the organ and especially the length of the waiting list.

How do you live with only one kidney?

It is possible to lead an absolutely normal life even with only one kidney as the residual organ is able to perform the function it shared with the diseased kidney.

What must be done to donate a kidney?

The donation of a living kidney is allowed between relatives (for example: brothers), emotionally related (for example: husband and wife) and also in favor of an unknown person (in this case we speak of a Samaritan donation). This type of donation must be a free, free and informed act.

What are the organs that can be donated while alive?

The kidney can be donated in life (Law 26 June 1967 n. 458) and a portion of the liver (Law 16 December 1999 n. 483); in the latter case we speak technically of “split”. Since 2012, partial transplantation of lung, pancreas and intestine between living people is also allowed (Law 19 September 2012 n.

What condition must exist to be able to carry out a living kidney sample?

The conditions that the law provides for the donor are that he is capable of understanding and willing, aware of the limits of kidney transplant therapy between living beings and that he is aware of the personal consequences that the donation entails.

Who authorizes the execution of the living transplant?

The judge of the place where the donor resides or where the institution authorized for transplantation is located is competent.

How much does a kidney transplant cost in Italy?

The estimated overall average cost for a transplant patient over a three-year observation period amounts to € 95,247. Of these, 52,543 euros (equal to 55.2% of the total) relate to the transplant itself, corresponding to the surgery and hospitalization at the Kidney Transplant Center.

When can you live with dialysis?

The life expectancy of a patient on dialysis can vary considerably depending on the other medical conditions present and the scruple with which the treatment is followed; the average is 5-10 years, however many patients have lived well on dialysis for 20 or even 30 years.

What is the most common surgical complication of kidney transplantation?

Artery stenosis of the transplanted kidney is the most frequent late postoperative complication, the treatment of which is currently based on endovascular methods.

When was the first transplant performed?

In 1967, news of Christiaan Barnard’s first heart transplant in South Africa caused a sensation.

When was the information document on living donor kidney transplantation published?

The Information Document on the living donor kidney program, coordinated by the CNT and definitively released in 2010, was developed by a study group made up of all the professionals involved in the world of kidney transplantation, including coroners, bioethicists and representatives of associations …

What is the indication for kidney transplantation for a patient?

(See also Overview of Transplants.) The primary indication for kidney transplant is Renal failure at … more information). Rejection can be diagnosed by percutaneous needle biopsy if the diagnosis is not clinically evident.

What is the cause of hypertension?

Causes of hypertension include stress, smoking, high-fat diet and low physical activity, but there may be familiar conditions that predispose to the disorder. Hypertension usually increases with age due to stiffening of the blood vessel walls (peripheral resistance).

How to recover from high blood pressure?

Key points of the non-pharmacological therapeutic approach of hypertension

  1. Reduction / maintenance of normal body weight;
  2. Adoption of the so-called DASH diet;
  3. Reduction of the intake of salt in the diet;
  4. Reduction in the intake of saturated fat in the diet;
  5. Restriction of alcohol consumption;

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

  • Headache, especially in the morning.
  • Lightheadedness and dizziness.
  • Ringing in the ears (tinnitus, tinnitus)
  • Changes in vision (black vision, or the presence of bright spots in front of the eyes)
  • Nosebleeds (epistaxis)


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