What to do in case of poisoning?


Question by: Ing. Davide Carbone | Last updated: December 27, 2021

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stay calm, call 118 speaking slowly and follow the operator’s instructions. if necessary, go or be transported to the emergency room, taking with you the product label and / or the safety data sheets of the product used.

How to tell if the body is intoxicated?

People become intoxicated when they eat food contaminated with bacteria and toxins, produced by the same bacteria.

What are the symptoms of food poisoning?

  1. severe nausea.
  2. He retched.
  3. dysentery.
  4. stomach ache.
  5. abdominal cramps.
  6. heachache.
  7. dizziness.
  8. lack of appetite.

What not to do in case of poisoning?

What not to do in case of poisoning? While waiting for indications from the poison control center or for the arrival of help or for reaching the hospital, the patient must not ingest anything, not even water.

How to detoxify from food poisoning?

The first thing to do is to let your stomach rest, so don’t ingest any food (neither solid nor liquid). Fasting, in these cases also facilitated by the lack of appetite, is the first cure for resolving food poisoning.

What drugs to take for food poisoning?

Anti-allergy agents. Atropine is administered for mushroom poisoning. Diphenhydramine and cimetidine are anti allergy agents which are prescribed for fish poisoning and mannitol is recommended for symptoms related to ciguatera nerve poisoning.

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How to tell if you have food poisoning?

General symptoms of food poisoning

  1. Abdominal cramps and pain.
  2. Nausea and vomiting.
  3. Migraine.
  4. Weakness which can be severe or even lead to paralysis.
  5. Diarrhea – it can be watery and copious or it can be bloody at times.
  6. Fever with colds and tremors or rigors.
  7. Muscle aches and pains.

What to do in case of fish poisoning?

It is usually recommended to take antihistamines and fluids in case of diarrhea and vomiting. If the symptoms are important, it is best to go to the emergency room. Generally it resolves in a short time, but in some cases it can become very dangerous if it involves the cardiovascular system.

How long do the effects of food poisoning last?

Food poisoning usually develops 1-3 days following the infection and usually lasts 4 days, with some cases taking a week or more to heal. Symptoms usually last 3 weeks, and many patients recover with little or no medical treatment.

When is food bad for you?

The first symptoms of food poisoning are the clearest, and leave no doubt: nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Also add a sense of weakness and some stomach cramps. They are part of the ailments that arrive, in crescendo, in the first phase of intoxication, when you have to intervene with our advice.

What to do to stop diarrhea?

Diarrhea and natural remedies

  1. Drink lots of water. …
  2. Lactic ferments: essential for restoring the proper functioning of the intestinal bacterial flora.
  3. Lemon is the classic grandmother’s remedy. …
  4. Mint (we are not talking about mint flavored candies, but the leaves). …
  5. Chamomile. …
  6. Diet.

How is poisoning treated?


  1. Supportive therapy.
  2. Activated carbon in case of severe poisoning by ingestion.
  3. Use of specific antidotes or dialysis if needed.
  4. Gastric emptying, only in specific cases.

What to drink in case of poisoning?

While water or tea are good in all cases of poisoning, except that from solvents or soaps. Never give alcohol to an intoxicated person. After first aid in the face of poisoning, always go to the nearest poison control center for a check-up.

What causes poisoning?

Food poisoning

It occurs through the intake of foods that are easy carriers of toxins or poisonous substances; for example due to incorrect storage or more simply because they are rich in nutrients useful for the growth of pathogens.

How do you know if you have a poisoned liver?

  • Yellow skin and eyes. …
  • Very dark urine. …
  • Itchy skin. …
  • Appearance of bruises. …
  • Chronic fatigue. …
  • Weight fluctuations. …
  • High fever. …
  • Stools that are pale or yellowish.

How does food poisoning manifest itself?

Food poisoning results from ingesting a plant or animal that contains a toxin. Poisoning occurs after ingestion of poisonous species of fungi or plants, or contaminated fish or crustaceans. The most common symptoms are diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, and sometimes seizures and paralysis.

What happens if you eat rotten vegetables?

Mold is made up of tiny fungi that can develop toxins and cause fruits and vegetables to go bad very quickly. If you notice that a vegetable, fruit or cheese with a compact consistency starts to mold, remove the affected part and try to consume it as soon as possible.

How long can indigestion last?

The first symptoms of indigestion may appear about an hour after a meal. The duration of the malaise is usually variable: the symptoms persist for a few hours and gradually disappear. In the meantime, it is best not to eat anything and let the stomach gradually drain.

How long does fish poisoning last?

Mackerel poisoning

Flushing of the face, nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain and urticaria occur within minutes of ingestion and resolve within 24 h. Symptoms are often mistaken for those of a fish allergy.

How to tell if you have salmonella?

Symptoms of salmonellosis appear 12-72 hours after ingestion of the contaminated food and may include:

  1. diarrhea, even severe (stools are runny and often accompanied by mucus),
  2. presence of blood in the stool,
  3. cramp-like abdominal pain,
  4. tenesmus (feeling of incomplete evacuation),

What happens if you eat spoiled fish?

If you ingest food that has expired, symptoms may occur right away. Some, annoying but transient such as stomach ache and slight aches. To alleviate these ailments it is often sufficient to keep the body well hydrated by drinking a lot.

What to do in case of histamine intoxication?

«The treatment against scombroid syndrome involves the use of liquids and antihistamines, both anti H1 and anti H2 (these are the names of the molecules against histamine intoxication). At the first strange symptoms – described above – immediately go to the emergency room which will administer the appropriate emergency therapy.

How to block the feeling of nausea?

drink in small sips about eight glasses of liquids a day (preferably water, or lemon tea or ginger tea) have many small meals during the day (up to six / eight) eat light and easily digestible foods (such as crackers and fish steamed)

What are food poisoning?

Food poisoning is a term given to infections with bacteria, parasites, viruses, or toxins by germs that affects humans via contaminated food or water.

What causes the infection in the blood?

Infections of the bloodstream are most commonly of bacterial origin (bacteremia), but can also be caused by fungi (fungemia) or by viruses (viraemia). The possible presence of germs in a blood culture (therefore in the blood of the patient under examination) indicates that a septicemia is in progress.

How is blood infection treated?

Treatment of sepsis includes administration of antibiotics, intravenous fluids, oxygen if needed, corticosteroids, and further treatments depending on the severity of the organ damage.


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