Question by: Sabatino Parisi | Last updated: October 26, 2021
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The Ebola virus is a pathogen that causes severe, often fatal hemorrhagic fever, not only in humans but also in non-human primates. The viral agent was identified in 1976, during an outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), near the Ebola River Valley.
How long did Ebola last?
The largest Ebola outbreak occurred in early 2014 in West Africa, particularly in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria, which ended in 2016. The largest Congolese outbreak killed 245 individuals in 1995 in Kikwit.
When did Ebola come out?
Ebola is a disease that was discovered in 1976 in the Dominican Republic of Congo and Sudan, it is a virus that is transmitted directly through body fluids.
How did Ebola spread?
Transmission occurs by direct human contact with organs, blood and other biological fluids (eg saliva, urine, vomit) of infected subjects (dead or alive) and indirectly with environments contaminated by these fluids. The infection is more frequent among family members and cohabitants, due to the high probability of contacts.
How is Ebola fought?
Currently, there are no specific drugs capable of eradicating the Ebola virus infection. Pharmacological treatment is essentially based on supportive therapy, therefore aimed at alleviating the symptoms: the Ebola virus seems to be resistant to the antiviral drugs currently available.
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How does the Ebola virus get infected in the human population?
Ebola is transmitted in the human population through direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other body fluids of infected animals.
How many people have died from Ebola?
It was the largest Ebola outbreak, both in terms of number of outbreaks and number of reported cases and deaths: a total of 28,652 confirmed, probable and suspected cases and 11,325 deaths in ten countries (Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Spain, United Kingdom, Italy and United States of America).
How many deaths in the world from Ebola?
Ebole virus disease occurs mainly in Central and West Africa. Before the outbreak in West Africa, around 2,500 cases have been recorded since 1976, with more than 1,500 deaths. After this epidemic, 28,600 new cases and 11,300 deaths add to these figures.
When was Ebola in Italy?
In the past, in our country
In 1992, Ebola virus of the Reston species (Restv) was introduced in Italy by monkeys imported (pdf 1,4 Mb) from the Philippines. There were no cases in the 16 people who came into contact with the infected monkeys.
How long did the plague last?
The pandemic lasted over 300 years and continued to recur, albeit in smaller and more limited waves, in many European cities until around 1720.
Where is Ebola?
On 17 July 2019, the WHO Director-General declared the 10th outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), which affected the North Kivu and Ituri provinces, still ongoing in 2020.
Where did Ebola originate?
The viral agent was identified in 1976, during an outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), near the Ebola River Valley. Since its first detection, several outbreaks of haemorrhagic fever have appeared sporadically in Africa, with mortality rates ranging from 50 to 90%.
How many cases of Ebola?
By the end of this epidemic, a total of 28,616 cases of Ebola virus disease and 11,310 deaths have been reported in African nations, with 36 additional cases and 15 deaths occurring in countries outside Africa.
How many times has there been the plague in Italy?
Thus starting from the year 1347 the contagion starts every few years in different parts of Italy. In the cities of Northern Italy the plague, around 1500, recurs every two years and after the great epidemic of 1528, on average every four until 1550.
How did the plague disappear?
With the use of simple antibiotics, available practically everywhere nowadays, mortality from bubonic plague has dropped below 10%, that for septicemic forms below 40%, while that for pneumonic plague is a story in itself. , because antibiotics, while effective, must be administered by …
Where is there still the plague?
Even today, the plague represents a fearful disease, widespread in various regions of the planet. The plague is endemic in much of Africa and Asia, where it causes 100-200 deaths every year. The main outbreaks are located in poor regions, characterized by extremely poor hygienic conditions.
What year was the plague?
The plague made its appearance in Europe in Caffa (Crimea), at the end of 1347. There it had come from the regions of Mongolia and the Gobi desert, where for 20 years it had already been claiming numerous victims.
How was the plague treated?
It can be cured by administering antibiotics: streptomycin and tetracycline. Currently the plague has disappeared in developed countries and yes … Yes, today the plague would no longer be a problem. It can be cured by administering antibiotics: streptomycin and tetracycline.
How was the plague treated in 1600?
Among the many miraculous specialties, there was that of crushing together arsenic, carnations, saffron, ginger and rue, putting them in a bag to be worn over the shirt on the side of the heart. This was a sure way to protect oneself from the disease! A mention also to the use of the protection of thaumaturgic saints.
How did the plague spread in 300?
From Sicily the plague spread to North Africa through Tunis; Sardinia and Elba had already been hit by sea in December. In January 1348 the Genoese galleys, calling at the ports of Pisa and Genoa, inaugurated a new route of contagion.
How many plague epidemics have there been?
pestis, was responsible, throughout human history, for three major pandemics that have claimed millions of victims (we are talking about about 200 million even if it is an uncertain figure).
What are the symptoms of the plague in the East and in the West?
The terrible plague that struck both East and West in the fourteenth century is therefore not identified by the name, interchangeable with an epidemic, but by the visible symptoms described by contemporaries: painful buboes in the armpits, groin and neck, dark and livid spots (hence black plague), vomiting, convulsions, …
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