Question by: Dr. Loretta Romano | Last updated: January 1, 2022
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Cistercian, order Monastic order originated towards the end of the 11th century. from the detachment from the Cluniac order of a rigorist current. The initiator was Robert of Molesme, who in 1098 founded a new monastery in Citeaux (Cistercium) where the ancient precepts were re-established.
What is the difference between Cluniacs and Cistercians?
Unlike the Cluniacs and in the spirit of the Ora et labora (Pray and work) Benedictine, Cistercian monasticism revalued manual labor. In fact, monasteries were founded in marshy or uncultivated places and the monks dedicated themselves to their reclamation or tillage.
What did the Cistercians do?
The order played a primary role in the crusades, in which monks and abbots with diplomatic and spiritual assistance tasks also took part: the preaching of the second crusade was entrusted by the Cistercian Pope Eugene III to Bernard of Clairvaux, who eloquently supported it in Vézelay and Spira; L’ …
What are the characteristics of the Cistercian monasteries?
The Cistercian abbey. The monastic life of the monks was lived inside the cloister. Their spirituality was directed by the rule: silence, discipline, obedience to the abbot, strict timetable distributed among numerous common offices, religious readings and manual labor.
What does Circestensi mean?
cistercènse (or cisterciènse) adj. … cisterciensis, from the name of Cistercium, a city in eastern France. (today’s Cîteaux) where in 1098 Robert of Molesme founded the abbey which was the first nucleus of the Cistercian order]. – Relative or belonging to the order of Cistercian monks, widespread in Europe in the century.
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What do the monks do?
After lunch, the monks rested walking in the cloister, the courtyard built around the well and surrounded by a covered portico. Then they spent more hours at work until vespers, the evening prayer. There followed a frugal supper and compline, the prayer that closed the day.
What is the difference between convent and monastery?
Monastery and convent are not synonymous. The monastery is a common building where a community of monks or nuns lives, under the authority of an abbot or an abbess, separated from the world because they are dedicated to the contemplative life. … The monastery, on the other hand, separates itself from everything outside its walls.
Why were the Cistercian monks important for the medieval economy?
Commercial exchanges also took place in the field of cattle breeding, the production of cheeses and butter was flourishing; some abbeys then exercised control of the mills over very large areas and some distinguished themselves for the extraction and trade of coal.
What is the heart of the monastery?
The cloister is a constituent part of a convent, a monastery or an abbey, consisting of a central uncovered area surrounded by covered corridors, which gives access to the main convent rooms.
How does one become a Cistercian monk?
To become a monk, however, one must first observe a period of meditation and contemplation. In these days of prayer in total seclusion in the monastery, people dedicate themselves to worship and silence. Another cornerstone of the future monks is manual work that ennobles the life of man and elevates to God.
What activity was carried out during the Chapter The Heart of the Monks’ Day?
The work in the life of the monk and in the cloister
In the Rule, the heart of monastic life is the divine office, but lectio divina and manual work also have their own space: a space whose dimensions changed over time and adapted flexibly to different conditions.
How many hours do the monks sleep?
Sleep 8 hours a night. Avoid exceeding this time otherwise you risk damaging your nervous system. Do not train after meals. Avoid the cold.
Where are the monasteries located?
Let’s discover the 10 most beautiful monasteries in Italy.
- 10 – Abbey of Praglia. …
- 9 – Monastery of Santa Croce del Corvo. …
- 8 – Monastery and Hermitage of Camaldoli. …
- 7 – Farfa Abbey. …
- 6 – Monastery of Santa Scolastica. …
- 5 – Monastery of Bose. …
- 4 – Olivetan Abbey of San Nicola. …
- 3 – Rosazzo Abbey.
Who was the main exponent of the Cistercian order?
The initiator was Robert of Molesme, who in 1098 founded a new monastery in Citeaux (Cistercium) where the ancient precepts were re-established. But the true history of the order began with Bernard of Clairvaux who, having entered the abbey in 1112, immediately started the work of diffusion in Europe.
Who were the most important monks?
After the fourth century, monasticism began to spread in the West: Girolamo in Rome, Agostino in Africa, Severino nel Norico, Paolino in Nola, Martino and Giovanni Cassiano in Gaul became promoters of the monastic ideal (following the example of the Eastern one) and Famous monasteries were built in the 5th century in Tours and Arles …
Why is it said that the monastery was important from an economic point of view?
Conventual settlements of the Benedictine type, with their principle of manual labor for the monks, had a role of local economic and technological development in the Middle Ages: this is the case, for example, of the spread in France of carp and above all of the domestic rabbit, due for religious and economic reasons.
Why were monks important for the development of europe?
In Lombardy the peasants learned the art of irrigation from the monks, which contributed significantly to making that region famous throughout Europe for its fertility and riches. Furthermore, the Monks were the first to work for the improvement of livestock breeds, taking this work away from chance.
What did the monks invent?
The monks also gave us other inventions such as: parliament, secret ballot (Cistercian monks), clocks, new drugs, Dutch dams, a new type of wheel, musical notes, polders, fairs, beekeeping, forestry, cursive, water meadows, botany, wax, ink, perfected …
Why is it called a convent?
/ kon’vɛnto / sm[fromLatconventus-us”meeting”inLateccles”meetingoffriarsconvent”der[dallatconventus-us”adunanza”nellateccles”riunionedifraticonvento”der
Why is it called a monastery?
– It is a stable religious residence, where one lives according to the norms of a regular and approved institute. The word, as its etymology indicates, first meant the dwelling of individual “monks”, then went on to indicate that kind of village which consisted of those isolated residences (v.
Where were the refectories located?
The refectory of the Church of Santa Maria di Candeli in Florence, Italy. The refectory of the Fontevrault abbey in the village of Fontevraud-l’Abbaye, France. The refectory of the Convent of the Order of Christ in Tomar, Portugal. The refectory of the Abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel (France).
How does the life of a monk unfold?
The monk’s day began very early in the morning, between one and three in the morning according to the seasons. As soon as he got up, the monk went to the church for night prayers; he then devoted himself to reading the Bible and other works (lectio divina) until it was time to recite the lauds.
What do the monks do at 9?
For nine hours a day the monks were engaged in manual labor. … When the sun went down, the monks had concluded their day of prayer and work. After a frugal dinner, they went to their cells and lay down dressed in the choir robe.
What do monks produce in monasteries?
In this convent the monks collect the raw materials and produce honey, extra virgin olive oil and Vermentino wine (in limited production). They also rely on an external laboratory to produce organic cosmetics such as hand creams, ointments and soaps.
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